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Co-Funded by the European Commission in the framework of FP6, EUChinaGRID Project officially started on 1st January 2006 with the aim to support the interconnection of the existing European and Chinese Grid Infrastructures and enable their interoperability, thus creating a network of collaboration between Europe and China.

EUChinaGRID provided specific support actions to foster the integration and interoperability of the Grid infrastructures in Europe (EGEE) and China (CNGrid) for the benefit of e-Science applications and worldwide Grid initiatives, in line with the support of the intercontinental extension of the European Research Area (ERA).

The project studied and supported the extension of a pilot intercontinental infrastructure using the EGEE-supported applications and promoted the migration of new applications on the Grid infrastructures in Europe and China; this was done by training new user communities and supporting the adoption of grid tools and services for scientific applications. A set of existing Euro-Chinese collaborations in research, marked by strong requirements in terms of analysis of large quantities of data and needs for wide amounts of computing power, were selected as pilot applications in order to validate the infrastructure.

During the 27 months of duration, the Project achieved several goals.

The pilot infrastructure includes 12 sites 5 of which are in China (4 in Beijing and one in Shandong). All the relevant Grid services were started and are maintained to facilitate the access of users and Virtual Organizations (VO) through the web portal ( Some of those core Grid services are hosted in China.

A special stress was posed on designing an e-Infrastructure allowing full interoperability, both horizontally (i.e. between European and Chinese middleware) and vertically (i.e. between Grid middleware and the different versions of the IP protocol). Works towards both objectives lead to interesting results and the EUChinaGRID findings in this field raised interest amongst middleware developers in EGEE and ETICS communities leading to common activities such as a code checker for IPv6 compliance implemented in the ETICS building system.

A Gateway between gLite and GOS has been build and extensively tested and improved. The Gateway allows to exchange jobs between the two infrastructures taking care of the differences related to the Job Description Languages and the Security mechanisms. Application deployment has also achieved significant impact in several science fields:

  • High Energy experiments (ATLAS and CMS) at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) can run their applications on the pilot infrastructure.
  • Astroparticle experiment ARGO-YBJ, a joint collaboration between Chinese and Italian researchers, is currently collecting data on Cosmic Ray showers in the YangBaJing laboratory in Tibet; a complete system has been deployed to perform the data transfer from YangBaJing to IHEP (Beijing) and INFN-CNAF (Bologna) sites, using the EUChinaGRID Grid Infrastructure and the 2.5 Gbps link provided by the ORIENT project.
  • EUChinaGRID also supported Biological applications in the field of simulation and discovery of new proteins. The work in this field, carried out in the laboratories of Biology Department of University of Roma Tre (UROM3), Jagiellonian University – Medical College (JU-MC) and Peking University (PKU), led to first ab-initio protein structure prediction processes ever deployed in a Grid environment. The parallel approaches adopted by UROM3 and JU-MC have been compared on a large sample of candidates (2x104), while the predicted protein structures are being experimentally verified by the PKU group.

EUChinaGRID had an intense dissemination activity with two website versions in English and Chinese and more than 300 Chinese researchers, engineers and students took part to the advanced knowledge tutorials held in China. A specific dissemination action was carried out towards the community of middleware developers, to raise their awareness about IPv6 compliance and interoperability issues, and to suggest actions and best practices for overcoming these problems. This included the delivery of focused workshops and tutorials, that involved more than 150 developers, and the publication of a dedicated IPv6 website, as well as the collaboration with other projects such as 6DISS.

Project Details (EUChinaGRID)
Project homepage
No. of Partners 9
No. of Countries 5
Start Date 2006-01
Duration (Months) 24
Cost (€ per Year) 665,000
EU Funding (€ per Year) 650,000
FTEs (per Year) 2.4

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